The capital city is the major commercial and financial centre of Namibia. It sits on a sloping plain on the northern side of the Khomas Hochland at an altitude of 1,728 metres. In southern, eastern and western direction Windhoek is surrounded by rocky, mountainous areas.
Windhoek is served by two airports. The closest one is Eros 7 kilometres south of the city center for smaller craft, and Windhoek Hosea Kutako International Airport 42 kilometres east of the city. A number of foreign airlines operate to and from Windhoek.
Windhoek is situated in a semi-arid climatic region. Days are mostly warm with very hot days during the summer months, while nights are generally cool. The winter months of June, July and August usually experience little or no rain and minimum temperatures seldom drop below 0°C.
Places of interest include: The Alte Feste, built in 1890-1892 by the founder of Windhoek, Major Curt von Francois, accommodates the historical exhibitions of the State Museum. The "Christuskirche" of the German-Lutheran community, consecrated in 1910. Curt von Francois Statue in front of the modern municipal building in honour of the founder of the city. The castles Schwerinburg, Heinitzburg and Sanderburg, built in 1913, 1914 and 1917. The Art Gallery, where there are always exhibitions, with the arts theatre in the same complex and the Tintenpalast - German for "Ink Palace", the seat of both chambers of the Namibian legislature, the National Council and the National Assembly.